Fishing line: UK decision to block France justified as stocks present HIGH risk of depletion | Sciences | New
As relations deteriorated between Britain and the EU after Brexit, one of the main sources of rising tensions has been fishing rights. And rightly so, after a new study has shown that the UK’s fish population is already particularly vulnerable. Marine researchers working in the UK, Denmark and the Netherlands have published the results of their study in the journal PNAS. He suggested that fisheries and coastal communities in the UK and the Eastern Mediterranean are already at the greatest risk of being affected by climate change.
Experts have warned that this could have dire consequences for UK fishing communities that may be limited to fishing a single species, the numbers of which could drop due to climate change.
This would have a serious impact on local businesses and experts have suggested the UK would need income support or alternative livelihoods to adjust to the changes.
In 2019, fishing contributed £ 437million to the UK economy and remains a major source of employment for coastal communities, generating thousands of jobs.
So it is perhaps not surprising that in the last battle over fishing rights between Britain and France after Brexit, the UK only granted 12 licenses out of 47 bids for vessels. smaller to fish in its territorial waters.
Under the Common Fisheries Policy (CFP), which is a set of rules by which European fishing fleets and fish stocks are managed, all EU member states have equal access to the waters of the ‘EU to create fair competition
But UK fishing organizations say the EU’s Common Fisheries Policy means they haven’t received their fair share of quotas, which are the rights to catch a certain amount of fish in UK waters.
After leaving the EU, Britain continually fights with France to protect its territorial waters, as it wishes to obtain a larger share of its own fish supplies.
Around £ 160million of England’s fishing quota is held by vessels owned by companies based in Iceland, Spain and the Netherlands.
This represents 130,000 tonnes of fish per year and 55% of the annual quota value in 2019, the BBC reported.
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Professor Chris Venditti, evolutionary biologist at the University of Reading, said: “Warming waters are a double whammy for fish, as they not only make them evolve to a smaller size, but also shrink. their ability to move to more appropriate environments.
“This has serious implications for all fish and our food security, as many of the species we eat could become increasingly rare or even non-existent in the decades to come.”